Growth hormone (GH), also known as somatotropin or human growth hormone (hGH) in its human form, is a peptide hormone that stimulates growth, cell reproduction, and cell regeneration in humans and other animals. GH is necessary for growth of the body’s bones and tissues and significant in human development.
Human growth hormone is a naturally occurring hormone produced by the pituitary gland. It is important for growth, cell regeneration, and cell reproduction. HGH helps to maintain, develop, and repair healthy tissue in the brain and other organs.
UsageGrowth hormone treatment is typically utilized by children who have been diagnosed with growth hormone (GH) deficiency and other conditions causing short stature. GH can also be useful for adults who are deficient.
Some medical causes might cause poor stature in children, such as: Turner’s syndrome, Prader-Willi syndrome, chronic kidney disease and children born small for gestational age.
Adults who are deficient in hGH may have damage to the pituitary gland or the hypothalamus (part of the brain that controls the pituitary gland). The damage may also be caused by a tumor, surgery or radiation, or issues with blood supply to the pituitary gland, short bowel syndrome or muscle-wasting disease associated with HIV/AIDS. These patients typically benefit from employing the peptide hormone.
Mechanism of Action
When growth hormone is released from the pituitary gland, it prompts the liver to release a second hormone, called insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1). In conjunction, growth hormone and IGF-1 influence bones, muscles, and other organs and tissues to grow by adding more cells.
Growth Hormone functions on many tissues throughout the body. In children and adolescents, it revives the growth of bone and cartilage. In those of all ages, GH improves protein production, promotes the utilization of fat, blocks the action of insulin, and boosts blood sugar levels.
Mode of Administration: Subcutaneous injection to a fleshy part of the body, typically to the stomach or abdominal area.
Before administering hGH, always be sure to use a clean and sterile syringe.
- Hold the hGH vial upright and insert the syringe in the center of the cap.
- Draw the plunger until you have the correct amount (see ‘Dosage’ below) in the syringe and carefully remove it.
- Before administering the syringe, use alcohol to cleanse the area of skin.
- Pinch the skin around the area to be injected, leave about 2 cm on each side.
- Hold the syringe at a 90 degree angle to your skin and swiftly insert the syringe.
- Depress the plunger fully, until the syringe is empty, and carefully draw out.
The type of hGH peptide and dosage amount recommended will be based on the specific medical cause for GH deficiency.
The dosage of hGH will be different for each individual. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label.
The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine.
Possible side effects of Growth Hormone may include: muscle aches, joint discomfort, headaches and swelling of the hands and feet.
It is not recommended for people to take hGH if they have tumors, cancer, severe illness, acute breathing problems, sever injuries or surgery complications such as heart or abdominal surgery.
If adults overuse hGh and their levels begin to get to high, they may encounter muscle and joint pain, carpal tunnel syndrome or fluid retention and swelling.
- Growth in children, adolescents and deficient adults
- Regulation of body composition and body fluids
- Improvement of muscle mass and bone density
- Enhanced sugar and fat metabolism and heart function
- Increase exercise capacity
- Build and repair of healthy tissue in the brain and other organs
- Decrease of body fat and increase of strength